Syria Travel Guide
Syria National Flag

Syria Tourism:
Damascus
Aleppo
Krak des Chevaliers
Palmyra
Bosra
Dead Cities
Hama
Qala'at Samaan

Syria Directory & Syria Travel Information

Syria History
Eblan Civilization
Antiquity and early Christian Era
Islamic Era
Ottoman Era
French Mandate
Instability & Foreign Relations: Independence to 1967
Six Day War and Aftermath
Baath Party Rule Under Hafezc Al-Assad,1970-2000
21st Century

Syrian Territorial Problems:
Turkish-Syrian Dispute Over Iskandaron Province
Israeli Annexation of the Golan Heights

Syria Etymology
Syria Politics
Syria Constitution & Government
Syria Human Rights
Syria Emergency Law
Syria Administrative Divisions
Syria Geography
Syria Economy
Foreign Trade

Transport
Syria Demographics
Syria Ethnic Groups
Syria Religion
Syria Languages
Education in Syria
Syria Military
Syria Culture
Music of Syria
Syrian Literature


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Syria Travel Guide

Trip Holidays Syria offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Syria History - Antiquity and Early Christian Era

During the second millennium BC, Syria was occupied successively by Canaanites, Phoenicians, and Arameans as part of the general disruptions and exchanges associated with the Sea Peoples. The Phoenicians settled along the coast of Palestine, as well as in the west, which was already known for its towering cedars. Egyptians, Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians and Hittites variously occupied the strategic ground of Syria during this period; the land between their various empires being marsh. Eventually, the Persians took Syria as part of their hegemony of Southwest Asia; this dominion was transferred to the Ancient Macedonians after Alexander the Great's conquests and the Seleucid Empire. The capital of this Empire was situated at Antioch, modern day Antakya just inside the Turkish border. But the Seleucid Empire was essentially just one long slow period of decline, and Pompey the Great captured Antioch in 64BC, turning Syria into a Roman province. Thus control of this region passed to the Romans and then the Byzantines.

In the Roman Empire period, the city of Antioch was the third largest city in the empire after Rome and Alexandria. With estimated population of 500,000 at its peak, Antioch was one of the major centres of trade and industry in the ancient world. The population of Syria during the heyday of the empire was probably not exceeded again until the 19th century. Syria's large and prosperous population made Syria one of the most important of the Roman provinces, particularly during the 2nd and 3rd centuries. The Roman Emperor Alexander Severus, who was emperor from 222 to 235, was Syrian. His cousin Elagabalus, who was emperor from 218 to 222, was also Syrian and his family held hereditary rights to the high priesthood of the sun god El-Gabal at Emesa in Syria. Another Roman emperor who was a Syrian was Marcus Julius Philippus, emperor from 244 to 249.

Syria is significant in the history of Christianity; Saul of Tarsus was converted on the Road to Damascus, thereafter being known as the Apostle Paul, and established the first organized Christian Church at Antioch in ancient Syria, from which he left on many of his missionary journeys.


Trip Holidays also showcase a unique blend of travel and leisure photos and stories, updates, events and announcements about roads, shopping malls, hotels, bed and breakfast, restaurants, groceries and more. Not just a travel guide but one-of-a-kind discovery of people and places.

Syria Travel Informations and Jordan Travel Guide
Syria Etymology - Syria Politics: Constitution & Government - Human Rights - Emergency Law - Syria Administrative Divisions
Syria Geography - Syria Economy: Foreign Trade - Transport - Syria Demographics - Syria Ethnic Groups - Syria Religion
Syria Languages - Education in Syria - Syria Military - Syria Culture - Music of Syria - Syrian Literature

Syria History: Eblan civilization - Antiquity and early Christian era - Islamic era - Ottoman Era
French Mandate - Instability and Foreign Relations: Independence to 1967 - Six Day War and Aftermath
Baath Party Rule Under Hafezc Al-Assad, 1970-2000 - 21st Century
Syrian Territorial Problems: Turkish-Syrian Dispute Over Iskandaron Province - Israeli Annexation of the Golan Heights

Syria Tourism
Syria Tourist Attractions: Damascus - Aleppo - Krak des Chevaliers - Palmyra - Bosra
Dead Cities - Hama - Qala'at Samaan

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Syria | United Arab Emirates | Yemen

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